Trumpet Cornet

Questions about musical instruments. Can you help?

1. Are there different kinds of trumpets commonly used? (piccolo trumpet? etc)
2. Are there different kinds of tubas commonly used?
3. Is the Flugelhorn a common instrument in high school bands?
4. How about a sousaphone?
5. Cornet?
6. How many types of clarinets are there? (Sop, alto, etc)
7. are Euphoniums commonly used?

Thanks for all your help! The person with the most/best answers will get 10 points!

1. Are there different kinds of trumpets commonly used? (piccolo trumpet? etc)

The standard band trumpet is the common Bb Trumpet. There are trumpets in Bb/A Piccolo, Eb soprano, C, Bb, and A, Eb and G alto, Bb Bass and F bass. If you have the money, you can have one made in any key you want but these are the common instruments.

2. Are there different kinds of tubas commonly used?

The BBb tuba is the instrument most common in the US school band. There is also an F, Eb, and CC tuba used by soloists and orchestras.

3. Is the Flugelhorn a common instrument in high school bands?

not common but there are works that require it. It is more common in the jazz band and in solo work.

4. How about a sousaphone?

Sousaphone is a marching band instrument that is a substitute for the tuba. It is not often used in concert bands or orchestras (where the tuba is preferred) but is almost essential in the marching band. Some marching bands use tubas instead but most do not.

5. Cornet?

In the US, the cornet has reached near extinction in common use. Though it is different from the trumpet and there are often distinct parts for the cornet; most directors use the trumpet and cornet interchangeably. Just as the family of trumpets, cornets can come in many keys as well.

6. How many types of clarinets are there? (Sop, alto, etc)

The number is nearly unlimited because you can have one made in any key you'd like and some composer has probably written for it.

The typical concert band has an Eb soprano, a section of Bb sopranos, and a Bb bass or two. Some bands have either contra (EEb or BBb) but most do not. The Eb alto has reached near extinction but is still found as well. The others are specialized and not as common.

The typical orchestra has a few clarinet players who are expected to own an A, Bb, and C soprano. Some have a player for the Eb soprano and most have a seat for a Bb or C bass player.

* Sopranino (aka piccolo clarinet) (Ab) (rare in the USA)
* Soprano (Eb, C, Bb, A) (Eb and Bb are common in band, A and Bb in orchestra.)
* Basset Clarinet (A) (not common, essential for Mozart)
* Turkish Clarinet (G) (ethnic music)
* Basset Horn (F) (not common)
* Alto Clarinet (Eb) (becoming extinct)
* Bass Clarinet (C, Bb, A -- Bb is the most common)
* Contra-alto Clarinet (EEb)
* Contrabass Clarinet (BBb)
* OctoContraAlto Clarinet (EEEb) (exceptionally rare)
* OctoContraBass Clarinet (BBBb) (exceptionally rare)

7. are Euphoniums commonly used?

The euphonium is essential to the concert band repertoire. Closely related to the baritone horn, the two are often used interchangeably in the US just as the trumpet/cornet are.

add: Cdr. Sousa didn't invent the Sousaphone, he asked the CG Conn Company to modify an existing instrument called a Helicon such that the bell points forward. It can easily substitute for the tuba and likewise, a tuba can sub for the sousaphone.

The baritone and euphonium are not the same instrument even though they can (and often are) used interchangeably.

The cornet and trumpet... see euphonium; also, piccolo trumpet is used in much orchestral music and can be heard in rock (Beatles - Penny Lane). The bass trumpet part is often played by a euphonium but it's making a come-back.

The flugelhorn is very different from the trumpet even though it is also in Bb. It's larger bore and greater tubing make for a very mellow instrument (Mangione - Feels So Good)

There is not a baritone clarinet - it's called a basset horn. The basset clarinet is an A soprano with an extremely extended range.

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