Piccolo Trumpet

How does a trumpet player change from one note to another?

I am a piano player from way back. I have never understood how a trumpet player changes pitches, that is, how he or she goes from one note to another. For example, say the tune on the music sheet reads that you play a c, and then these notes in succession. d Bflat, e, a and f sharp. On a keyboard you have these keys to do this, but a trumpet obviously does not have such apparatus. How does the trumpeteer change notes? By the force of his wind as he blows thru the mouthpiece? Thank you for your help.

As with all brass instruments, sound is produced by blowing air through closed lips, producing a "buzzing" sound into the mouthpiece and starting a standing wave vibration in the air column inside the trumpet. The player can select the pitch from a range of overtones or harmonics by changing the lip aperture and tension (known as the embouchure). Modern trumpets also have three piston valves, each of which increases the length of tubing when engaged, thereby lowering the pitch. The first valve lowers the instrument's pitch by a whole step (2 semitones), the second valve by a half step (1 semitone), and the third valve by one-and-a-half steps (3 semitones). When a fourth valve is present, as with some piccolo trumpets, it lowers the pitch a perfect fourth (5 semitones). Used singly and in combination these valves make the instrument fully chromatic, i.e., able to play all twelve pitches of Western music. The sound is projected outward via the bell.

The trumpet's harmonic series is closely matched to the musical scale, but there are some notes in the series which are a compromise and thus slightly off key; these are known as wolf tones. Some trumpets have a slide mechanism built in to compensate.

The mouthpiece has a circular rim which provides a comfortable environment for the lips' vibration. Directly behind the rim is the cup, which channels the air into a much smaller opening (the back bore or shank) which tapers out slightly to match the diameter of the trumpet's lead pipe. The dimensions of these parts of the mouthpiece affect the timbre or quality of sound, the ease of playability, and player comfort. Generally, the wider and deeper the cup, the darker the sound and timbre.

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Spring Brings Piccolo trumpet Black color Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
Spring Brings Piccolo trumpet Black color Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
$124.99
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Black color Nickel Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Black color Nickel Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
$124.99
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Blue color Bb A pitch with hard case and MP
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Blue color Bb A pitch with hard case and MP
$124.99
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Blue color Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Blue color Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
$124.99
Spring Brings Piccolo Trumpet White color Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
Spring Brings Piccolo Trumpet White color Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
$124.99
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Nickel plated Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
Spring Brings PIccolo Trumpet Nickel plated Bb A pitch with hard case+MP
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BRAND NEW SILVER Bb A PICCOLO TRUMPET+FREE CASE+M P
BRAND NEW SILVER Bb A PICCOLO TRUMPET+FREE CASE+M P
$89.99
Bach 1 D 70s Trumpet mouthpiece 27 throat Piccolo
Bach 1 D 70s Trumpet mouthpiece 27 throat Piccolo
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TRUMPET PICCOLO OF PURE BRASS IN SILVER CHROME POLISH+CASE+MOUTHPC+FREE SHIPPING
TRUMPET PICCOLO OF PURE BRASS IN SILVER CHROME POLISH+CASE+MOUTHPC+FREE SHIPPING
$160.00
TRUMPET PICCOLO OF PURE BRASS MADE IN BRASS POLISH + CASE+MOUTHPC+FREE SHIPPING
TRUMPET PICCOLO OF PURE BRASS MADE IN BRASS POLISH + CASE+MOUTHPC+FREE SHIPPING
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Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Purple
Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Purple
$369.95
Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Red
Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Red
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Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Purple
Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Purple
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Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Orange
Cool Wind CPT 200 Series Plastic Bb A Piccolo Trumpet Orange
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NEVER MIND OFFER NICKEL PICCOLO TRUMPET BB A PITCH WITH HARD CASE +MOUTH PIECE
NEVER MIND OFFER NICKEL PICCOLO TRUMPET BB A PITCH WITH HARD CASE +MOUTH PIECE
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New RS Berkeley TPPS625 Artist Piccolo Trumpet Silver Plated 4 Bell Bb A w Case
New RS Berkeley TPPS625 Artist Piccolo Trumpet Silver Plated 4 Bell Bb A w Case
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Jo Ral Piccolo Trumpet Mute Corks 3 Cork Pack
Jo Ral Piccolo Trumpet Mute Corks 3 Cork Pack
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Schilke 11ax Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece Cornet Shank
Schilke 11ax Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece Cornet Shank
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BRASS NADIR PICCOLO TRUMPET CORNET Case Mouth Piece Jo Ral Mute
BRASS NADIR PICCOLO TRUMPET CORNET Case Mouth Piece Jo Ral Mute
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New article unopened YAMAHA Piccolo trumpet YTR 6810S Antonsen using model
New article unopened YAMAHA Piccolo trumpet YTR 6810S Antonsen using model
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SPLENDID NEW SILVER Bb A FLAT PICCOLO TRUMPET WITH FREE CASE+M P+FAST SHIP
SPLENDID NEW SILVER Bb A FLAT PICCOLO TRUMPET WITH FREE CASE+M P+FAST SHIP
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Trumcor Aluminum Piccolo Trumpet Straight Mute
Trumcor Aluminum Piccolo Trumpet Straight Mute
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Trumcor Aluminum Piccolo Trumpet Straight Mute
Trumcor Aluminum Piccolo Trumpet Straight Mute
$80.00
BEST GIFT FOR SON PICCOLO TRUMPET Bb PITCH MAROON COLORED WITH FREE CASE AND MP
BEST GIFT FOR SON PICCOLO TRUMPET Bb PITCH MAROON COLORED WITH FREE CASE AND MP
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CHRISTMAS GIFT PICCOLO TRUMPET WHITE COLOR Bb PITCH WITH FREE HARD CASE AND MP
CHRISTMAS GIFT PICCOLO TRUMPET WHITE COLOR Bb PITCH WITH FREE HARD CASE AND MP
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ALL TIME FAVOURITE BLACK PICCOLO TRUMPET BB A PITCH WITH HARD CASE + MP
ALL TIME FAVOURITE BLACK PICCOLO TRUMPET BB A PITCH WITH HARD CASE + MP
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Scherzer High C Rotary Piccolo Trumpet Model 8110 L
Scherzer High C Rotary Piccolo Trumpet Model 8110 L
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Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 125P Cornet Shank NEW
Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 125P Cornet Shank NEW
$70.52
Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 15P Cornet Shank NEW
Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 15P Cornet Shank NEW
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Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 1HP Cornet Shank NEW
Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 1HP Cornet Shank NEW
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Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 1P Cornet Shank NEW
Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 1P Cornet Shank NEW
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Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 2P Cornet Shank NEW
Genuine Curry Silver Piccolo Trumpet Mouthpiece 2P Cornet Shank NEW
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