Double Brass

whats the difference between classical and modern day orchestras?

classical being 18 century and modern 20th century

A new orchestra evolved during the classical period. During the Classical period, it was a standard group of four sections: strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion. In the late instrumental works of Mozart and Haydn, an orchestra might consist of:

Strings: !st violins, 2nd violins, violas, cellos, double basses

Woodwinds: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons

Brass: 2 french horns, 2 trumpets

Percussion: 2 timpani

Notice that the woodwinds and brass instruments are paired, a term known as double woodwinds and double brass respectively. Clarinets have also been added.

Classical composers exploited the individual tone colours of instruments and they do not treat instruments interchangeably. A classical piece has greater variety and more rapid changes of tone colour.

Each section of the classical orchestra had a special role. The strings were the most important section, with the first violins taking the melody most of the time and the lower strings providing an accompaniment. The woodwinds added contrasting tone colours and were often given melodic solos. Horns and trumpets brought power to loud passages and filled out the harmony, tough they do not usually play the main melody. Timpani were used for rhythmic bite and emphasis. As a whole, the classical orchestra had developed into a flexible and colorful instrument to which composers could entrust their most powerful and dramatic musical conceptions.

The make up of a classical orchestra is:
Woodwinds
2 Flutes
2 Oboes
2 Clarinets (in C, B-flat, or A)
2 Bassoons

Brass
2 or 4 Horns (in any key)
2 Trumpets (in any key)

Percussion
Timpani

Strings
6 Violins I
6 Violins II
4 Violas
3 Violoncellos
2 Double basses

In modern times, the musicians are usually directed by a conductor, although early orchestras did not have one, using instead the concertmaster or the harpsichordist playing the continuo for this role. Some modern orchestras also do without conductors, particularly smaller orchestras and those specializing in historically accurate performances of baroque music and earlier.

The make up of a modern orchestra is:
Woodwinds
Piccolo
2 Flutes
2 Oboes
English Horn
2 Clarinets in B-flat, A
Bass Clarinet (and/or Clarinet in E-flat)
2 Bassoons
Contrabassoon

Brass
4 Horns in F
3 Trumpets in C
3 Trombones (2 Tenor, 1 Bass)
Tuba

Percussion
Timpani
Snare Drum
Tenor Drum
Bass Drum
Cymbals
Tam-tam
Triangle
Wood block
Tambourine
Glockenspiel
Xylophone
Vibraphone
Chimes
Castanets
Congas
Bongos
G├╝iro
Whip

Keyboards
Celesta
Piano

Strings
Harp

16 Violins I
14 Violins II
12 Violas
10 Violoncellos
8 Double basses

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ACCENT Double Performer French Horn HR781L in GOOD CONDITION
ACCENT Double Performer French Horn HR781L in GOOD CONDITION
$1,400.00
Professional gold lacquer four key double Bb F French Horn by Eastern Music
Professional gold lacquer four key double Bb F French Horn by Eastern Music
$680.00
Holton H 275 Merker Matic top of the line Double French Horn
Holton H 275 Merker Matic top of the line Double French Horn
$2,099.99
Yamaha YHR567 Double French Horn Set Bell
Yamaha YHR567 Double French Horn Set Bell
$3,221.99
Professional Gold Double French Horn Brand New
Professional Gold Double French Horn Brand New
$479.00
MYSTERY DOUBLE FRENCH HORN 3 ROTORS + A PISTON VALVE KING SCHMIDT MODEL
MYSTERY DOUBLE FRENCH HORN 3 ROTORS + A PISTON VALVE KING SCHMIDT MODEL
$159.50
CECILIO 3Series FH 380 DOUBLE FRENCH HORN in F Bb Key
CECILIO 3Series FH 380 DOUBLE FRENCH HORN in F Bb Key
$899.99
Pre Owned Holton H180 Double French Horn F Bb
Pre Owned Holton H180 Double French Horn F Bb
$1,895.00
Conn 8DRS 8D with Rose Brass Screw Bell Double French Horn w Case Mouthpiece
Conn 8DRS 8D with Rose Brass Screw Bell Double French Horn w Case Mouthpiece
$3,250.00
C F SCHMIDT PROFESSIONAL HANDMADE DOUBLE FRENCH HORN LACQUERED BRASS RARE WOW
C F SCHMIDT PROFESSIONAL HANDMADE DOUBLE FRENCH HORN LACQUERED BRASS RARE WOW
$4,699.99
1965 Conn 6D Double French Horn E series Rebuilt Valves plays great
1965 Conn 6D Double French Horn E series Rebuilt Valves plays great
$1,600.00
Yamaha YHR 668D YHR668D Full Double French Horn Never Used Mint W Hard Case
Yamaha YHR 668D YHR668D Full Double French Horn Never Used Mint W Hard Case
$5,720.00
CONN 8D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
CONN 8D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
$2,800.00
Yamaha YHR 668N Double French Horn YHR 668 Nickel Silver Kruspe Holton H602 Band
Yamaha YHR 668N Double French Horn YHR 668 Nickel Silver Kruspe Holton H602 Band
$2,000.00
Hans Hoyer Heritage Kruspe Style F Bb Double French Horn w Detachabable Bell
Hans Hoyer Heritage Kruspe Style F Bb Double French Horn w Detachabable Bell
$6,004.00
YAMAHA YHR 667D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN Ron Pinc leadpipe Silver Plated Bell
YAMAHA YHR 667D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN Ron Pinc leadpipe Silver Plated Bell
$6,000.00
Double French horn 4 key with case and mouthpiece
Double French horn 4 key with case and mouthpiece
$465.00
Monel Rotors Bb F 4 Keys Double French Horn w Case  Mouthpiece Nickel Plated
Monel Rotors Bb F 4 Keys Double French Horn w Case Mouthpiece Nickel Plated
$515.99
Holton H280 Farkas Model Double French Horn with Screw Bell SN 464571 SUPERB
Holton H280 Farkas Model Double French Horn with Screw Bell SN 464571 SUPERB
$2,999.00
Paxman 20L Merewether System Double French Horn GORGEOUSl
Paxman 20L Merewether System Double French Horn GORGEOUSl
$5,499.00
Holton H379 Farkas Model Double French Horn SN 464650 SUPERB CONDITION
Holton H379 Farkas Model Double French Horn SN 464650 SUPERB CONDITION
$2,499.00
Jupiter JHR1100 Intermediate Double French Horn in Lacquered Brass GORGEOUS
Jupiter JHR1100 Intermediate Double French Horn in Lacquered Brass GORGEOUS
$1,799.00
Professional Silver Nickel Plating Double French Horn F Bb 4 Key With Case
Professional Silver Nickel Plating Double French Horn F Bb 4 Key With Case
$999.00
Olds Double French Horn SN E02952 GREAT INTERMEDIATE DOUBLE
Olds Double French Horn SN E02952 GREAT INTERMEDIATE DOUBLE
$799.00
Holton H 179 Farkas Model Professional Double French Horn SN 633310
Holton H 179 Farkas Model Professional Double French Horn SN 633310
$999.00
KING DOUBLE FRENCH HORN PLAYS GREAT COMPRESSION GOOD DISINFECTED MADE 1978 79
KING DOUBLE FRENCH HORN PLAYS GREAT COMPRESSION GOOD DISINFECTED MADE 1978 79
$799.00
Conn 6 D Double French Hornrefurbished
Conn 6 D Double French Hornrefurbished
$2,150.00
Professional 3+1 keys valves Double French Horn F Bb New with case 305mm bell
Professional 3+1 keys valves Double French Horn F Bb New with case 305mm bell
$988.00
Monel Rotors Bb F 4 Keys Double French Horn with Case Gold Lacquer Finish
Monel Rotors Bb F 4 Keys Double French Horn with Case Gold Lacquer Finish
$429.00
YAMAHA YHR 671D Yamaha F Bb full double horn YHR671D
YAMAHA YHR 671D Yamaha F Bb full double horn YHR671D
$6,574.11
Yamaha Horn YHR 567D Double Horns F Bb
Yamaha Horn YHR 567D Double Horns F Bb
$3,788.14
vintage rot4V French double horn Anborg Como needs service
vintage rot4V French double horn Anborg Como needs service
$349.00


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