Double Brass

whats the difference between classical and modern day orchestras?

classical being 18 century and modern 20th century

A new orchestra evolved during the classical period. During the Classical period, it was a standard group of four sections: strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion. In the late instrumental works of Mozart and Haydn, an orchestra might consist of:

Strings: !st violins, 2nd violins, violas, cellos, double basses

Woodwinds: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons

Brass: 2 french horns, 2 trumpets

Percussion: 2 timpani

Notice that the woodwinds and brass instruments are paired, a term known as double woodwinds and double brass respectively. Clarinets have also been added.

Classical composers exploited the individual tone colours of instruments and they do not treat instruments interchangeably. A classical piece has greater variety and more rapid changes of tone colour.

Each section of the classical orchestra had a special role. The strings were the most important section, with the first violins taking the melody most of the time and the lower strings providing an accompaniment. The woodwinds added contrasting tone colours and were often given melodic solos. Horns and trumpets brought power to loud passages and filled out the harmony, tough they do not usually play the main melody. Timpani were used for rhythmic bite and emphasis. As a whole, the classical orchestra had developed into a flexible and colorful instrument to which composers could entrust their most powerful and dramatic musical conceptions.

The make up of a classical orchestra is:
Woodwinds
2 Flutes
2 Oboes
2 Clarinets (in C, B-flat, or A)
2 Bassoons

Brass
2 or 4 Horns (in any key)
2 Trumpets (in any key)

Percussion
Timpani

Strings
6 Violins I
6 Violins II
4 Violas
3 Violoncellos
2 Double basses

In modern times, the musicians are usually directed by a conductor, although early orchestras did not have one, using instead the concertmaster or the harpsichordist playing the continuo for this role. Some modern orchestras also do without conductors, particularly smaller orchestras and those specializing in historically accurate performances of baroque music and earlier.

The make up of a modern orchestra is:
Woodwinds
Piccolo
2 Flutes
2 Oboes
English Horn
2 Clarinets in B-flat, A
Bass Clarinet (and/or Clarinet in E-flat)
2 Bassoons
Contrabassoon

Brass
4 Horns in F
3 Trumpets in C
3 Trombones (2 Tenor, 1 Bass)
Tuba

Percussion
Timpani
Snare Drum
Tenor Drum
Bass Drum
Cymbals
Tam-tam
Triangle
Wood block
Tambourine
Glockenspiel
Xylophone
Vibraphone
Chimes
Castanets
Congas
Bongos
G├╝iro
Whip

Keyboards
Celesta
Piano

Strings
Harp

16 Violins I
14 Violins II
12 Violas
10 Violoncellos
8 Double basses

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Holton 76 Double French Horn
Holton 76 Double French Horn
$999.95
VERY NICE LIDL BRNO COR DOUBLE FA SIb FULL DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
VERY NICE LIDL BRNO COR DOUBLE FA SIb FULL DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
$990.00
HOLTON FARCAS SCREWBELL DOUBLE FRENCH HORN WITH CASE
HOLTON FARCAS SCREWBELL DOUBLE FRENCH HORN WITH CASE
$2,099.99
Conn Model 6D Double French Horn w CONN case Constellation 7BW mouthpiece AS IS
Conn Model 6D Double French Horn w CONN case Constellation 7BW mouthpiece AS IS
$425.00
Silver Double French horn 4 key with case and mouthpiece
Silver Double French horn 4 key with case and mouthpiece
$459.00
Cecilio 3 Series FH 380 Double French Horn F Bb Key
Cecilio 3 Series FH 380 Double French Horn F Bb Key
$899.99
Yamaha YHR 871U Custom Series Double Horn Fixed Bell
Yamaha YHR 871U Custom Series Double Horn Fixed Bell
$6,899.99
Conn 6D F Bb Double French Horn with Case parts project N56375
Conn 6D F Bb Double French Horn with Case parts project N56375
$519.99
Holton H378 Double French Horn
Holton H378 Double French Horn
$1,900.00
Finke Brendan Double French Horn
Finke Brendan Double French Horn
$5,895.00
Cecilio Mendini Bb F Double French Horn
Cecilio Mendini Bb F Double French Horn
$250.00
Italian 6D Style Double French Horn Restoration Project For Parts Or Repair
Italian 6D Style Double French Horn Restoration Project For Parts Or Repair
$500.00
Monel Rotors Bb F 4 Keys Double French Horn w Case Nickel Plated Finish
Monel Rotors Bb F 4 Keys Double French Horn w Case Nickel Plated Finish
$439.00
French Horn Double Clef Blessing Scholastic Brass VINTAGE
French Horn Double Clef Blessing Scholastic Brass VINTAGE
$202.50
Professional Silver 103 Model Double French Horn F Bb Key Detachable Bell +Case
Professional Silver 103 Model Double French Horn F Bb Key Detachable Bell +Case
$1,599.00
New Hans Hoyer HH802A 1 0 Double French Horn
New Hans Hoyer HH802A 1 0 Double French Horn
$5,210.00
Holton Farkas Model H179 Double French Horn w Case  MP Excellent Condition
Holton Farkas Model H179 Double French Horn w Case MP Excellent Condition
$2,999.00
Holton H179 Farkas Double French Horn
Holton H179 Farkas Double French Horn
$2,595.00
Holton Soloist double French horn rose brass bell with case and mouthpiece nice
Holton Soloist double French horn rose brass bell with case and mouthpiece nice
$885.00
CONN 6D Bb F DOUBLE FRENCH HORN SERVICED BY PROS
CONN 6D Bb F DOUBLE FRENCH HORN SERVICED BY PROS
$1,250.00
Double French horn 4 key with case and mouthpiece
Double French horn 4 key with case and mouthpiece
$445.00
Gemeinhardt D 800 Kruspe Wrap Double French Horn SN R01009 GORGEOUS
Gemeinhardt D 800 Kruspe Wrap Double French Horn SN R01009 GORGEOUS
$799.00
Gemeinhardt D 700LQ Geyer Wrap Double French Horn in Lacquer DISPLAY MODEL
Gemeinhardt D 700LQ Geyer Wrap Double French Horn in Lacquer DISPLAY MODEL
$799.00
Yamaha YHR 668NII Professional F Bb Double Horn Kruspe Wrap SUPERB
Yamaha YHR 668NII Professional F Bb Double Horn Kruspe Wrap SUPERB
$3,499.00
Professional 4 Key Double French horn Bb F key with Case
Professional 4 Key Double French horn Bb F key with Case
$890.00
CG CONN ELKHART INDIANA SILVER PLATED 6D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
CG CONN ELKHART INDIANA SILVER PLATED 6D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
$1,099.99
Atkinson A600 Intermediate Double French Horn with Mouthpiece  Ready to Play
Atkinson A600 Intermediate Double French Horn with Mouthpiece Ready to Play
$1,299.99
Atkinson A 800 Double French Horn with Zipper Case and Vincent Bach 7 Mouthpiece
Atkinson A 800 Double French Horn with Zipper Case and Vincent Bach 7 Mouthpiece
$2,499.99
PRO 200 Anniversary Double French Horn Rose Brass Detachable Bell With Case
PRO 200 Anniversary Double French Horn Rose Brass Detachable Bell With Case
$1,595.00
MINT USED CG Conn V8D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN IMMACULATE
MINT USED CG Conn V8D DOUBLE FRENCH HORN IMMACULATE
$4,980.00
GOOD KING MODEL1160 SOLID NICKEL SILVER DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
GOOD KING MODEL1160 SOLID NICKEL SILVER DOUBLE FRENCH HORN
$1,925.00
LEVANTE LV HR4525 F Bb BRASS DOUBLE FRENCH HORN w LIGHT CASE
LEVANTE LV HR4525 F Bb BRASS DOUBLE FRENCH HORN w LIGHT CASE
$1,045.00


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